Healthy Ecosystem

Pond 101

We offer several different types of filtration.

Fish

It’s always a good idea to start with a small number of fish and add gradually. Here is a rule of thumb to use as a guideline to avoid overstocking and ensure the overall health of your fish:
  • For small fish like goldfish and comets, 1 in. of fish for every 5 gallons of water.
  • For Koi fish, 1 in. of fish for every 10 gallons of water. Koi fish have a faster growth rate, so you may have to remove a few of them at a certain point.  

Turtles

Whether you have a pet turtle or wild turtle residing with you, there are so many reasons to be fond of turtles. They come in all shapes, colors, and sizes and are the ultimate conservationists.  

Plants

There are 4 major types of plants you can use to add many benefits to your pond. 
  • Marginal plants like Irises are usually placed along the outer edge of the pond blending in with the landscape setting.
  • Deep Water plants like lilies will offer shade for fish and offer protection from predators. Oxygenating plants like anacharis provide oxygen as well as pull carbon dioxide from the water.
  • Floating plants like hyacinths independently float on the surface with their roots drifting below. These plants act as natural filters.

DID YOU KNOW? Algae feeds off other nutrients in the pond to grow. To keep the algae from overtaking the pond, consider adding plants that compete with algae for nutrients and keep the water clean and clear. These plants include hornwort, anacharis, cabomba.

Aeration

It’s important to put oxygen back into the water for a healthy balanced pond environment as oxygen creates a healthy environment for fish and plants. Some recommended ways to aerate include:

    • Aerators add oxygen to the pond using a special pump. The warmer the water, the more oxygen is needed.
    • Spitters are small statues that spit or squirt a stream of water into the pond. They are usually placed on or near the edge of the pond.
    • Nozzle kits offer you a variety of water displays which you can adjust to varying heights depending on the power of your pump.
    • Waterfalls not only help to circulate the water; they help oxygenate the water as well.